Snow accumulation in the mountains can exceed 3 metres (9.8 ft), and this abundance of snow is the reason for the numerous glaciers – more than 500, mostly in Nordland and Troms. Situated in a river valley, Karasjok only experiences on average 1 day/year with strong breeze (22 knots) or more, and virtually never sees gale-force winds. In the Middle Ages, churches and fortifications were built along the coast in an effort to stake a more firm claim for the kingdom of Norway along what was then the frontier of Norwegian settlement. {{? Wild berries have long traditions in the local cuisine, and the most sought after is the cloudberry, used in marmalade, desserts and cakes. Metals were introduced around 500 BC. The highest mountain in Northern Norway is found here in the Okstindan range south of Mo i Rana with Oksskolten reaching 1,915 metres (6,283 ft) above sea level, and with the glacier Okstindbreen. Northern Norway (Bokmål: Nord-Norge, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈnûːrˌnɔrɡə], Nynorsk: Nord-Noreg; Northern Sami: Davvi-Norga) is a geographical region of Norway, consisting of the two northernmost counties Nordland and Troms og Finnmark, in total about 35% of the Norwegian mainland. In the latest decades consumption has increased in correspondence with increased salmon fish farming; smoked salmon is very popular, often on open sandwiches, alone or together with boiled or scrambled eggs or salad. In basketball, the BLNO has featured the Tromsø Storm and Harstad Vikings. [5] In addition to fishing, each family traditionally had a small farm with a few cows (see Pietro Querinis shipwrecked at Røst in 1432[6]), sheep or goats (goats being preferred in many places due to their superior adaptation to the rough and mountainous terrain found in much of Northern Norway) and had small grain fields (mostly barley). Other popular wild berries are bilberries, lingonberry, raspberry (southern half of region, also cultivated in some private gardens), and there are also a number of less well known berries used for food. Many wild plants were used for medical purposes or as spices, such as Garden Angelica, but this has become rare in modern times. Inland Finnmark, as in Karasjok, average temperatures remain below freezing for 7 months (October–April). [12] Game meat includes mountain hare, rock ptarmigan, willow grouse and moose. Northern Norway covers about a third of Norway. Even if winter temperatures depends largely on the distance to the sea, the length of the season varies mostly with latitude (and altitude): The summer (days/year with 24-hr average 10 °C (50 °F) or more) lasts on average 108 days in Brønnøysund, 90 in Bodø,[25] 85 days in eastern Lofoten[26] and Narvik, 75 days at the inland valleys of Bardufoss[27] and Alta, about 65 days in Tromsø and Kirkenes, 50 in Hammerfest[28] and 0 in Vardø. Salmon has long traditions as food along the rivers, and also trout which are common also in the numerous lakes. Fjord Norway. Norway’s spectacular fjords, of course, are top of every traveller’s list – and rightly so.But head further off the beaten track and there’s plenty to explore, including the remote Lofoten, a necklace of islands where life remains relaxed and traditional, and the wilds of Finnmark, where reindeer-herding, hunting and fishing are still widely practised. The Sami culture can be traced back at least 2,000 years. Northern lights from the beach at Mjelle Beach in Northern Norway. [10] In later years, the large Red king crab has invaded Norwegian waters from the east and, having reached west to Hammerfest, are now served in the finest restaurants. The southernmost part, roughly the part south of the Arctic Circle, is called Helgeland. The extreme northeastern coast, from Nordkapp to Vardø, is situated in the arctic climate zone due to lack of summer warmth—the July average in Vardø is = 9 °C (48 °F). From the mainland side it looks very barren, but behind the violet-black peaks there are also flatlands with good grazing for sheep, partially on soil made from seaweed. Tromsø, partly sheltered by large islands, experiences on average 27 days/year with strong breeze, and 1 day with gale, and Bardufoss sees on average only 11 days with strong breeze or more and scarcely ever experiences gale. 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