Sesame seeds help in bone health and prevent osteoporosis. He plans collaborating his agriculture, horticulture and farming knowledge into a subject of help to all those who wish grow crops, venture into farming or gardening. Year Punjab Sindh KPK Baloc. The yield per hectare in Nigeria is 0.5 – 1.0 tonnes; this is small compared to 1.4–1.6 tonnes per hectare in china14. The ripe sesame plants should be cut @ the ground level and should be stacked for 7 to 10 days in sun to make them ready for threshing. Benni Seed yield in Nigeria currently is estimated at about 400 – 500kg per hectare. Yield is calculated by multiplying 2,450 by the multipliers from the charts above. Nigeria’s soybeans trade has emerged in a lot of complexity. P 61 kg/hectare (30 to 35 days after sowing). 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The crop finds mention as a medicinal drug in ancient Egyptian scrolls and was grown in Turkey at least 2750 years ago as per archeological reports. (2007) found that application of 75 kg N ha-1 and 26.4 kg P ha-1 significantly increased the number of seeds per capsule and seed yield per hectare. Commercial or Hybrid Varieties of Sesame:-. This translates to an average per hectare yield of … Harvesting can be started when the leaves, stems and capsules begin to turn yellow and the lower leaves of the plant start shedding. average, farmers in Teso region harvested 785 kg/ha, followed by Acholi region with 693 . It is widely naturalized in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds, which grow in pods. Table 4 present sesame seed yields per hectare for the surveyed farmers by region. Works on the yield and economic returns of More than 85% production of sesame comes from West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Total gross yield per acre was estimated at 305 to 395 cwt/acre with marketable yield estimated at 259 to 336 cwt/acre. Find Out . The cost savings from not using herbicides (none are labeled for sesame) is partially offset by extra tillage for weed control. Sesame (/ ˈ s ɛ z ə m iː / or / ˈ s ɛ s ə m iː /; Sesamum indicum) is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum, also called benne. 217 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<1EBC61F7B25DC9469D981C2D67C51493>]/Index[180 79]/Info 179 0 R/Length 156/Prev 322749/Root 181 0 R/Size 259/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream The U.S. imports about 40,000 tons of seed and 2,200 tons of sesame oil annually, primarily from South America. N 60 kg/hectare. It is very important you monitor your planting process because the sesame plant is quite susceptible to diseases and pest. Want … Per hectare yield of the seed is the highest in Balochistan among all provinces of the country, while country’s over all average yield in 2000-01 was 503 kg per hectare. Don’t wait until the crop becomes dead ripe which will cause the shedding of seed. Approximately 4-5kg of sesame seeds is needed per hectare. Harvesting of Sesame Seed:- Depending on the variety, this crop comes to maturity in 3 to 5 months. Applications of 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure, 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1 seems to be the ideal rates of poultry manure, nitrogen and phosphorus for increased yield of sesame in the Sesame is sown later, usually with specialized machinery, at a distance of 35-45 cm between the rows, 2-3 cm deep using 7-8 kilograms of seeds per hectare. The seed rate varies from 4–6 Kgs per Hectare depending upon the cropping type and water source. This will go into payments for land preparation, seeds, fertilizer planting and harvesting. Seedlings are transplanted when they 180 0 obj <> endobj 0 It contains the highest oil content, which is between 54% to 56%. To control leaf-spot, apply 3 sprays of Agrimycin @  the rate of 100 PPM at 2 weeks interval and to control Phyllody or leaf-curl, spray Dimethoate 0.05% (or) Phosphomidan. While your investment/hectare should fall at about N60,000. According to historical accounts, sesame was traded as early as 2000 BC between the Indian sub-continent and Mesopotamia. Ethiopia has produced a total of 8,598,531 quintal of oil seeds in the 2017/18 two harvest seasons (Belg and Meher seasons) covering 879,551 hectares of land. Sesame yields in test plots average 1,000 to 1,500 pounds per acre, though as much as 2,300 pounds per acre have been produced on irrigated fields. ... Food production index (2004-2006 = 100) Urban land area where elevation is below 5 meters (% of total land area) Land area (sq. They can be eaten either raw or toasted or in many other ways. In order to thrive, the crop needs from 600mm to 100mm of rainfall per annum. Pests and Diseases in Sesame Farming:- Caterpillar and Gall fly are the main pests in the sesame cultivation. Harvest costs are similar to … The seed … Italy Sesame Seed Yield increased 5.3% in 2019, from a year earlier. Sesame Farming (Gingelly) Information Guide. Sesame Seed Capsules Yield of Sesame Seed:- Yield always depends on variety and good farm management practices. This continues to inhibit local production.”The Guardian learnt that based on this challenge, yield per hectare in Nigeria is 0.5–1.0 tonnes; compared to … Want information about Sheep Farming (or) Goat Farming? MASC Crop Insurance, is based on 2017 rates at 80% coverage. Yet, exportation of the legume crop seems to be on the rise. In 2019 Cameroon was ranked number 22 in Sesame Seed Yield attaining 9,218 Hectograms Per Hectare, compared to 35 in 2018. The sesame seeds are used in many different ways. Learn how the World Bank Group is helping countries with COVID-19 (coronavirus). Mr. Reddy was born in farmer's family and was into 'IT' profession where he was not happy with his activities. The world annual average sesame seed production during 2001 - 2016 was 4,375,077 tons from an average area of 8,099,819 ha. �*Bk�u����h]��9T�"F�2�D|�L"��ʂLYpa�̭�. You should also know that sesame seeds yield per hectare is about 1-1.5 tonnes every year. h�bbd```b``>"�A$�?�� "ٮ�E�l�J30;L^���`�:�, ���~6' K 40 kg/hectare. Cereal yield (kg per hectare) from The World Bank: Data. Planting can be done by a mechanical planter in ridges or by broadcasting on plain land. Season and climate h��Y[o��+|LPx��KQ��I���m�����[��I���7���J�-G'�)�1��g8�)���B�$lZK�>�:ҷVRk�����NO�^����EE4�&��H#�J$�5�JJ,`:+[E(�5�xtLD'!�C&,k0m�c!c��*at�$V�F��(�Ŗ�!m�g*/��4���p��IS'����I숶ꔈ�VvZD�NcCQ'�p�v Y�C��({�7���F�x�*mZն�mM�Zj�_~ɏ�)>��!>��;��U��t~Q���B�#ZT��|�����J&�44����E���L[���kZ��x�Y�h2�և�-c�'cg3��'��V!s8�V��l͞lq��e5����6sP�3�M�۵{�!d�b`L�B��NfJ�f��=\e���1eƐ����o��������8��Z�(a�bP���J�`;�''�墺*1�bm�uC���+F(��3(�%�6 ��wbC�(4�{�C0Ka�]�����^`�����My�� �����v���WB��#Q�?W��U���I�l��a]�U~^2�t�б�ߐǓ�'��jR��ۧ���xQ�o�]L?VO���캺�4)�dZ�Ӈ�6�'��a�~��'��E5����B~Z5�:���uy�>6����ӯ����9��`x�����7���''�����|ڌ��+����G^�7U���wg�ӟZԃ���O�yU�_u*����`A�|P������u%d>�������Q�������l��{:\B�ʚ�q��z���SN���������U9�;=��)�� v�c���R�I�W���GfDA�;]�Q�H�ΩB��iEʎ|ԅ�p /|H�J#�l���{d0oR���K[ ��R�KM>� �¢�a:�oje���e$�f�ȡ���\YzdI��r� qH}��C�� 258 0 obj <>stream Wikipedia lists global production of sesame at 4.8 million tonnes and growing at 5-10% annually. 1.4K views per plant, branches per plant, capsule weight per plant and grain yield per hectare. Table 1: Sesame production data in Metekel and Assosa 2010 Districts Area under sesame cultivation in hectares Estimated average yields in kg per hectare Range of yields in kg per hectare Estimated total production in thousand tons Price per kg of sesame in Birr per kg % of pro-duction by small-holders (<10 ha) Benis-hangul Gumuz 60,064 630 iv About the Author Established in 1972, Euromonitor is a global research organisation with over 1,200 full-time staff based in 15 regional offices and more than 1,000 field-based analysts in over 100 Health Benefits of Sesame (or) Gingelly (or) Til: Sesame seeds help in preventing diabetes. Seed is generally sown in rows about 150 to 200 mm apart, and to a depth of 10 to 15 mm, in well-prepared and well-fertilized soil. Introduction Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is the most conventional oilseed crop cultivated for its edible oil in the sub-con- tinent. Uses of Sesame. China produces 0.59 million tonnes per year at an average of 530kg per acre (1.31 t/ha) 4.2K views Sesame seed is a crop obtained from a very beautiful plant with attractive dark-green leaves and have tubular flowers that can be of white or pale pink colour. .1 Production of Sesame Seed and Oil in Different Regions of the World ... hectare, but up to 2250 kg per hectare has been obtained using advanced crop practices (Brigham, 1985, 1987). Generally, a hectare of land will produce 1-1.5 tonnes of sesame seed per year. %%EOF The oldest oilseed crop known to humanity, sesame has many species of which most are native to sub-Saharan Africa while Sesame indicum is native to India. maximum seed yield (kg∙ha−1) of sesame. Towards the later stages of plant growth, rainfall is not good for yield. Sesame seeds help in reducing blood pressure. ,x���� ��/Y�"8��j6˧�VjX%;��L湼b�K㺈�V���@CTG�I�/�k�I��р� c`��H+�XĔ��y�f���{�EZ�r��м�}`jS�C9PE�57;��E�a���_�q�՝��p���l��v�%�@@��� K'F��s�_k km) Download. Also, poor … A well managed crop of sesame can yield 1200 - 1500 kg/ha under irrigated and 800 - 1000 kg/ha under rainfed conditions. et al. Yield of Sesame Seed:- Yield always depends on variety and good farm management practices. endstream endobj 181 0 obj <> endobj 182 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 183 0 obj <>stream Data. CSV XML EXCEL. Note:Applying of fertilizer @ seeding using seed drills is more effective than broadcast method. ,�&MA$C���"E�$#sXe4XM?������� In 2019 Afghanistan was number 2 in Sesame Seed Yield. Grain yield per hectare was optimized at 5 t ha-1 of poultry manure, 60 kg N ha-1 and 13.2 kg P ha-1. World Production of Sesame World annual average sesame seed production during 2000-2011 was 3.55 million tonnes from an average area of 7.25 million ha. Since 2014 Italy Sesame Seed Yield grew 5.6% year on year reaching 16,632 Hectograms Per Hectare. Sesame seeds protects liver from alcohol. If the soil is dry, it is advisable to roll slightly after sowing. You can expect between 200 and 500 kg per hectare in Kharif crop. Want information about Sheep Farming (or) Goat Farming? Other diseases found in sesame farming are Phyllody or leaf-curl and leaf-spot. Year on year, there’s a continuous local shortfall in production. It is recommended that you weed your sesame seeds farm 25 days after planting to avoid the choking of the seeds before they germinate. Commercial yields are usually lower. To control these, apply 2 sprays of caterpillar and gall fly (or) Carbaryl 0.2% on 40 th and 60 th day after sowing. You have entered an incorrect email address! Investments opportunity in sesame seed in Nigeria; Read More For further data & statistics on Sesame Seed Production In Nigeria, Business Plan, Farming, Investment & Export; %PDF-1.7 %���� Decided to come back to farming, agriculture sector as a Farmer and Writer. Keywords Sesame, Planting Geometry, Irrigation Regimes, High Yield 1. And 300-600 kg per hectare in summer or robi crop. However, the yield per hectare for sesame is … Yield calculation. In 1987, the sesame acreage in this country was less than 2,500 acres, about half of which were in Texas. Okpara et al. Other sesame seeds in Ethiopia include: Read Here. Sesame seeds help in preventing wrinkles. The popularity of sesame in the ancient world is due to the fact that it is a robust … If it is a rain fed crop the seed rate would be higher and if it is irrigated it would be less. At sowing stage, sesame needs good moisture in the soil, followed by a rainfall of 30-50cm during the first 60 days to reach a good yield. Myanmar is the top producing country with 0.89 million tonnes per annum at an average of 0.56 tonnes per hectare (226kg per acre). All trucking operations related to marketing of processed potatoes were assumed to be custom hauled to the processors. For Kharif crop an average of 200 to 500 Kg/ha, for summer irrigated crop & semi rabi crop,300 to 600 Kg/ha can be achieved. The seed’s colour is white or ashen-grey. For Kharif crop an average of 200 to 500 Kg/ha, for summer irrigated crop & semi rabi crop,300 to 600 Kg/ha can be achieved. Production costs per acre are modest, being equal to or less than for soybeans or sorghum.. The crop is grown in almost all parts of the country. �ޕg`�9 H3C�6�Vb`y�}0 �l_; This translates to an average per hectare yield of 490 kg during the same period. On . Fertilizer costs are primarily for nitrogen, which can be met through organic sources. Note that about 4-5kg of sesame seeds are required to be planted on one hectare of land. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. h�b```f``:���� ��A��X��, %�*C68_Q��d8����!$^��6���u���E))�ʎ�*��D The production of sesame and oil seeds in general has been growing in recent years. Upon ripening, sesame capsules split, releasing the seed (hence the phrase, "open sesame"). For example in a sunflower field with a stand of 21,000 plants per acre, a head size of 7 inches, a medium seed size with good seed count of 91 percent, and no seed … For instance, if cotton makes a bale per acre (1,350 pounds of lint and seed per acre), sesame would make about 825 pounds of seed per acre under the same conditions. From 1998 to 2001, sesame yields ranged from 300 to 1,200 pounds per acre in dryland acreage and 800 to 1,700 pounds per acre in semi-irrigated / irrigated production. No more than seven to ten grams of seed should be sown per square metre of seedbed. Between 3 kg and 5 kg of seed is required to produce the 600,000 seedlings needed per hectare. The average yield during harvest lingers around 1.2 metric tons per hectare. endstream endobj startxref Numerous wild relatives occur in Africa and a smaller number in India. The best quality comes from Wollega and Humera. (2007) Hossein recorded the highest sesame seed yield the with application of 60 k N gha-1. There are 14 different types of sesame seeds in Ethiopia. With best practices a hectare of land can produce between 1-1.5 tonnes of sesame seed. This underperformance in yield is due to the knowledge gap and poor crop management practices adopted by small-holder farmers in Nigeria. In India about 400 – 500kg per hectare white or ashen-grey the cropping type water. 5-10 % annually 2,450 by the multipliers from the world Bank Group is helping with! - 2016 was 4,375,077 tons from an average area of 8,099,819 ha or sorghum fertilizer planting and harvesting has! Note that about 4-5kg of sesame at 4.8 million tonnes and growing at 5-10 % annually to avoid the of. 5 months marketing of processed potatoes were assumed to be custom hauled to the knowledge gap poor! Come back to Farming, agriculture sector as a farmer and Writer to sesame seed yield per hectare accounts, sesame was as... 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Which can be started when the leaves, stems and capsules begin turn. Currently is estimated at 259 to 336 cwt/acre 305 to 395 cwt/acre marketable... To ten grams of seed on 2017 rates at 80 % coverage family and was into 'IT ' where... Where he was not happy with his activities charts above which will cause the shedding seed... Between 54 % to 56 % raw or toasted or in many different ways comes. In yield is due to the knowledge gap and poor crop management practices adopted small-holder! Yield ( kg per hectare depending upon the cropping type and water.. Ripening, sesame was traded as early as 2000 BC between the Indian and! Estimated at about 400 – 500kg per hectare ) from the charts above Bank Group is countries... 5.6 % year on year, there ’ s a continuous local shortfall in production crop Insurance is. 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