Gerrymandering, in U.S. politics, the practice of drawing the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives one political party an unfair advantage over its rivals (political or partisan gerrymandering) or that dilutes the voting power of members of ethnic or linguistic minority groups (racial gerrymandering). Gerrymandering definition is - the practice of dividing or arranging a territorial unit into election districts in a way that gives one political party an unfair advantage in elections. the dividing of a state, county, etc., into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts while concentrating the voting strength of the other party into as few districts as possible. By Andrew Prokop Jun 27, 2019, 11:40am EDT Soon, newspapers were printing editorial cartoons with the term gerrymander, and the word became commonly known. If your language skills aren’t already top-notch, then this vocab quiz can get you up to speed! ‘This is a government that blatantly indulged in open gerrymander, for example the re-allocation of defence force votes among surrounding marginal seats.’ ‘He said the Government's electoral reforms would create a gerrymander, where electoral boundaries are created to give one party an advantage.’ The Most Insincere Compliments And What To Say Instead. Due to the perceived issues associated with gerrymandering and its effect on competitive elections and democratic accountability, numerous countries have enacted reforms making the practice either more difficult or less effective. To change the boundaries of legislative districts to favor one party over another. What do you think gerrymander means? In Spain, they are constitutionally fixed since 1978. In 1962, the Supreme Court ruled that districts must and have reasonable borders and must represent the population appropriately. Typically, the dominant party in a state legislature (which is responsible for drawing the boundaries of congressional districts) will try to concentrate the opposing party's strength in as few districts as possible, while giving itself likely majorities in as many districts as possible. to change the borders of an area in order to increase the number of people within that area who will vote for a particular party or person: The Prime Minister tried to gerrymander the recent elections in two ways. Sometimes, these borders are designed to split the votes of ethnic, racial, religious, or other class groups. Politics is full of all different types of moves and manipulation to win. One of the congressional districts was said to be shaped like a salamander, to which one Federalist reportedly said: No, it’s a gerrymander. Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Use gerrymander in a sentence: Think of an example of gerrymander in current events: Find an image of gerrymander. If you don't, I shall give the documents in the gerrymander affair to the papers the day after you fail. The three types of gerrymandering are excess vote, wasted vote and stacked. Each state legislature redistricts their state into the appropriate numbers of congressional districts, with the goal of making sure that each district has very close to the same population as the other districts. The excess vote method concentrates the voting power of the opposite party into very few districts, meaning the party's overall influence is reduced. Gerrymandering is an on-going feature of American politics, one likely to figure prominently over the next year as new congressional boundaries are drawn following the national census. Find more opposite words at wordhippo.com! We Asked, You Answered. The Supreme Court just said federal courts can’t stop partisan gerrymandering It was a 5-4 ruling, with the conservatives in the majority. Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? Technically, gerrymandering is illegal, but it’s hard to prove. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. As mentioned above, in a gerrymander of a state in which the vote is roughly evenly split between parties, many of the supporters of the victim party are crammed into a few districts that they win overwhelmingly, and the remaining supporters are spread across districts that they lose by small margins. Remaniement arbitraire des frontières de circonscriptions électorales en vue d'avantager un parti, un candidat ou un groupe. While both political parties deny that they gerrymander, it does tend to happen; and after every redistricting effort, the courts hear numerous cases of alleged gerrymandering. Or they may try to dilute the opposition across many districts so that they won’t have a voting majority in any of them. The term gerrymander typically refers to the creation of electoral districts that have bizarre shapes in order to condition the outcome of an election. "Gerrymander" is a weird word, it's understandable to wonder how it has become such a staple of the political lexicon. Gerrymander definition: to divide the constituencies of (a voting area) so as to give one party an unfair... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The origin of the term gerrymander dates back to the early 1800s in Massachusetts. Or they may draw strangely shaped districts to split opposition votes or combine the votes of the party in power. What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? to divide the constituencies of (a voting area) so as to give one party an unfair advantage, to manipulate or adapt to one's advantage, Proportional Representation Applied To Party Government. Credit: “The Gerrymander” Boston Gazette March 26, 1812. How to Interpret a Correlation Coefficient r, How to Translate a Website with Google Translate. The purpose of gerrymandering is to grant one party power over another by creating districts that hold dense concentrations of voters who are favorable to their policies. Gerrymandering is just one of the tools used by governments to give their parties a leg up against the competition. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Let’s start with the basic definition, explore the history, and review the applications in today’s climate. gerrymander. Interested in finding out more uniquely political concepts? From the Cambridge English Corpus In contrast, if local boundaries are respected, levels of malapportionment increase, while gerrymandering becomes more difficult to accomplish. Borders and must represent the population shifts from one part of the party in power, governor... 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